They were capable fighters; Strabo described them as the most difficult foes the Romans encountered in conquering Lusitania.
Reconstruction of a dwelling from the castro culture. These were circular hill forts with multiple concentric walls. Major castros were built in the coastal regions of Fazouro, Santa Tegra, Baroña and O Neixón, and in the interior at Castromao and Viladonga.
Before the Roman invasion, a series of celtic tribes lived in the region, and according to Strabo, Pliny, Herodotus and others, they shared similar Celtic customs.
Castro culture There are many Celtic castros around Galicia. The castro culture flourished in the second half of the Iron Age; it was a fusion of Bronze Age culture with later developments, and overlapped into the Roman era.
One temple survives from this culture, at Elviña near the city of A Coruña. Other castros from the Sorotaptic culture have small boxlike structures with ashes from cremations and urn burials.
There are also other structures, partially underground, with a container for water, where vestiges of fire indicate that these were the crematoria.
This era consolidated Galicia as a Christian kingdom speaking a Romance language.
The early celtic culture of the region was to leave significant architectural traces appears to have been centered around veneration of the dead as intermediaries between deities and the living.
Within each tumulus is a stone burial chamber known as a dolmen; the sizes of these chambers vary.
Rich mineral deposits led to the development of Bronze Age metallurgy.
James (25 July) Legislature Parliament 75 deputies Congress 25 deputies (out of 350) Senate 19 senators (out of 264) Website to be confused with Galicia, a historic region of Poland and Ukraine. ja]) is an autonomous community and historic region in northwest Spain, with the status of a historic nationality, and descends from one of the first kingdoms of Europe, the Kingdom of Galicia.
/ 42.5; --8.1 Country Spain Capital Santiago de Compostela Provinces A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra Government - Type Devolved government in a constitutional monarchy - Body Xunta de Galicia - President Alberto Núñez Feijóo (PP) Area - Total 29,574.4 km2 (11,418.7 sq mi) Area rank 7th Highest elevation 2,127 m (6,978 ft) Population (2009) - Total 2,796,089 - Density 94.5/km2 (244.9/sq mi) Population rank 5th Demonym Galician galegos (m), galegas (f) gallegos (m), gallegas (f) Area code 34 98- ISO 3166 code ES-GA Statute of Autonomy 1936 28 April 1981 Official languages Galician and Spanish Patron Saint St.