The place-names in this area (Grouwkamma, Tzitzikamma, Kamnassie, Knysna, Outeniqua, etc.) immediately remind one that it was inhabited until comparatively recent times by pastoral tribes of Hottentots. Engineering and Scientific Society Journal, 1922, pp. The entire surface of this hill and of those in its immediate neighbourhood is composed of a dark loamy soil with slight impregnations of fine ferruginous gravel in the form of ' iron pan ' — the whole overlying Table Mountain Sandstone." As a result of his excavations here, Mr. This area is about 4 miles from Knysna on the Plettenberg Bay road. This iron pan is extensively dug and used for road-metal. The biseau from Pniel, however, is often of a type which can only be regarded as a reversal of this ; the point is present, but the portion, which in the coup-de-poing would form the butt here consists of the axe-like edge.* With these normal Stellenbosch types appear a few unconventionalised flake-implements, of doubtful association. It would be as well here to enter into the method of manufacture usual in this area. It seems unnecessary to make a dividing line between these Pretoria implements and those from other sites, the fact that the material is intractable and fractures unevenly accounts for the difference in standard, as may be seen at a large variety of sites in different parts of the country, e.g., along the Orange River and in the Barberton and Lake Chrissie districts.