SCC does not use a high proportion of water to become fluid – in fact SCC may contain less water than standard concretes.Instead, SCC gains its fluid properties from an unusually high proportion of fine aggregate, such as sand (typically 50%), combined with superplasticizers (additives that ensure particles disperse and do not settle in the fluid mix) and viscosity-enhancing admixtures (VEA).However it is laborious and takes time to remove by vibration, and improper or inadequate vibration can lead to undetected problems later.Additionally some complex forms cannot easily be vibrated.Today, we predict, an industry will take on average 25 years to progress through all four stages; in the past it took somewhat longer, and in the future we expect it to be even quicker.But, our research suggests, every company in every industry will go through these four stages—or disappear.
consolidation - the act of combining into an integral whole; "a consolidation of two corporations"; "after their consolidation the two bills were passed unanimously"; "the defendants asked for a consolidation of the actions against them"To this catalogue of circumstances that tend to the amelioration of popular systems of civil government, I shall venture, however novel it may appear to some, to add one more, on a principle which has been made the foundation of an objection to the new Constitution; I mean the ENLARGEMENT of the ORBIT within which such systems are to revolve, either in respect to the dimensions of a single State or to the They ought, with equal care, to have preserved the FEDERAL form, which regards the Union as a CONFEDERACY of sovereign states; instead of which, they have framed a NATIONAL government, which regards the Union as a He had them in the greatest order--his tapes and his files, his receipts, and his letters with lawyers and correspondents; the documents relative to the wine project (which failed from a most unaccountable accident, after commencing with the most splendid prospects), the coal project (which only a want of capital prevented from becoming the most successful scheme ever put before the public), the patent saw-mills and sawdust would not achieve its main purpose: "What's more, these potential transactions represent a near-term fix to the industry's difficulties and do not address systemic profitability problems and root causes.
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Everyone knows that most new industries are fragmented and consolidate as they mature. Our long-term analysis of mergers around the globe has found that most industries progress predictably through a clear consolidation life cycle—and that companies can plot with some precision where they fall in the cycle.
From our study of 1,345 large mergers completed over the past 13 years, we have concluded that, once an industry forms or is deregulated, it will move through four stages of consolidation (see the exhibit “Industry Consolidation Life Cycle”).