Other important trading groups, who assimilated easily into London’s population, were the Gascons, Flemish, and northern Italians.When members of the last group were firmly established as bankers, the Jews, who had arrived with the Normans, were banished in 1290; they were not to return until 1656.On the same spot today stands Leadenhall Market, an 1881 creation of cast iron and glass. Remains of the wall can be seen at the edge of the Barbican (near the street called London Wall) and on Tower Hill.In medieval times the walls were rebuilt and extended, requiring new gateways in addition to the six Roman ones.Edward the Confessor (ruled 1042–66) constructed an enormous church dedicated to St.Peter (and later referred to as Westminster Abbey) as well as a royal palace.Because virtually every reign since then has added its contribution, the Tower incorporates architecture from many periods.
A colony of Danish merchants was outnumbered by Germans, who had their own trading enclave, the Hanseatic Steelyard, on the waterfront until they were expelled in 1598.
The first definite mention of London refers to the year Iceni tribesmen under Queen Boudicca (Boadicea) sacked the settlement.
From traces of the fires they set, it can be determined that the city had already begun to spread across the Walbrook valley toward the hill where St. After the sack, the city was reconstructed, including a great basilica—an aisled hall 500 feet (150 metres) long.
During the 3rd century timber quays along the Thames and public buildings were rebuilt, and a riverside wall was constructed.
An area of some 330 acres (about 135 hectares) was enclosed. Paul’s Cathedral, and Mellitus was installed as bishop there in 604.